What is Autism?
Also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), autism includes a wide range of conditions typical of repetitive behaviors, challenges with social skills, and speech and non-verbal communication.
Autism, today, according the Centers for Disease Control, impacts about 1 in every 54 children in the United States of America.
Various environmental and genetic factors influence autism, and it exists in various subtypes.
This means that there’s no single autism. Each person diagnosed with the condition has unique challenges and strengths because autism is a spectrum disorder.
Ranging from severely-challenged to highly skilled, people with autism think, learn and solve problems in various ways. Whereas some require only a little support, others need significant support. In the latter case, some people live entirely on support while others can live independently in the former case.
Usually, the signs of autism appear when a person is aged 2 or 3. Certain development delays related to the condition usually appear earlier.
And, autism can be diagnosed earlier when a child is 18 months old. According to studies, early intervention can help persons living with autism experience positive outcomes later in life.
Various factors influence autism development. Some signs and symptoms of autism include various medical issues and sensory sensitivities such as:
Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders
Mental health issues