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How is autism diagnosed and is there a test for it?
Diagnosis for autism is based on behaviors, including deficits in social interaction, communication, and repetitive and/or restrictive behaviors. No blood tests are done during diagnosis. Diagnosis usually includes DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria.
What is autism?
Also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), autism includes a wide range of conditions typical of repetitive behaviors, challenges with social skills, and speech and non-verbal communication.
What’s the cause of autism in my child?
The exact cause of autism in most individuals is unknown. However, some genetic syndromes such as fragile X and Rett syndromes are linked to autism. Studies have also linked rare genetic changes to autism. Genetics is linked to 25% of autism causes while 75% link to a complex number of genetic factors and environmental causes yet to be identified. No evidence point dietary differences, immunization practices and the environment to autism.
How can I know if genetics is responsible for my child’s autism case?
You doctor can refer you to a medical geneticist for genetic testing. The doctor will conduct genetic testing post a comprehensive physical exam and family history assessment of your child. A blood test, urine test and genetic counseling may also be done. You may need pre-authorization from your insurer for these tests. You can determine if the condition is from yourself or partner’s side based on the genetic cause found, if any.